[Renal artery stenosis and chronic renal failure in NIDDM]

Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 1998 Aug;91(8):1077-82.
[Article in French]

Abstract

The NIDDM patient, willingly with high blood pressure and atheroma, has frequently an abnormal renal function. Must a renal artery stenosis (RAS) be searched as a determining or favorising cause? We have searched RAS by color duplex scan, in 60 consecutive NIDDM patients with altered renal function (creatinine clearance < or = 60 mL/min). Metabolic blood pressure (ABPM), cardiovascular and renal investigations have been realised. The population was composed of 22F/38M with middle age: 70.7 +/- 6.2 yrs, diabetic duration: 11.6 +/- 8 yrs, the plasma creatinine was: 161 +/- 78 mumol/L and clearance: 40 +/- 13 mL/min. Thirty eight had albuminuria, 28 had plasma creatinine > or = 150 mumol/L. All patients had high blood pressure. Significative RAS (> or = 70%) was detected in 15 patients (25%) by color duplex scan and proved with arteriography (n = 10) or angio NMR (n = 5). Twelve (80%) had unilateral stenosis (4 thrombosis), 3 (20%) bilateral stenosis. Renal US lead the diagnosis in 10 patients (66%): unilateral or bilateral hypotrophy. Those 15 patients had these following characteristics: 4F/11M (sex R : 0.36), middle age: 70.8 +/- 7.2 yrs, diabetic duration: 14.3 +/- 7.5 yrs, HbA1c was at 8.4 +/- 2%, 8 (53%) patients require insuline and 5 have retinopathy, plasma creatinine was at 169 +/- 6 mumol/L; 32% of patients with plasma creatinine > or = 150 mumol/L had RAS (n = 9/60%), creatinine clearance was at 38 +/- 12 mL/min (7/47% < or = 30 mL/min), 9 (60%) had macroalbuminuria and 5 (33%) microalbuminuria. All hypertensive patients were treated (mean SBP: 148 +/- 16, mean DBP: 82 +/- 7 mmHg) and had 62 +/- 28% SBP escape and 33 +/- 19% DBP escape. Ten had severe hypertension (at least 3 hypotensive drugs), 12 received CEI; 8 (53%) were smokers; 14 (93%) had one or more macroangiopathies (10/66% coronary heart diseases, 7/46% lower limbs arteritis, 6/40% carotid atheroma); 13 of these macroangiopathies are severe. In conclusion, renal failure (especially evolutive and/or treated with CEI) in NIDDM must call up a RAS (25%) specially in elderly males with a long diabetes duration, severe hypertension and macroangiopathies. This patient profile must lead to a color duplex scan to confirm the diagnosis already suspected by the renal echography.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / diagnostic imaging*
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / etiology
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color