Genetic analyses of the green visual pigments of rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and rat (Rattus norvegicus)

Gene. 1998 Sep 18;218(1-2):103-9. doi: 10.1016/s0378-1119(98)00359-x.


We have cloned and sequenced the green opsin genes of rabbit and rat. When these genes are expressed in cultured cells and reconstituted with 11-cis retinal, the resulting visual pigments have wavelengths of maximal absorption (lambdamax) of 509nm. These blue-shifted lambdamax values are fully explained by their aa composition A, Y, Y, T, and S at sites 180, 197, 277, 285, and 308, respectively. The inference on the ancestral pigment sequences strongly suggests that the rabbit and rat (and mouse) green pigments attained the extant lambdamax values independently, mainly by the single aa replacement A308S.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Retinal Pigments / genetics*
  • Rod Opsins / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet


  • Retinal Pigments
  • Rod Opsins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF054235
  • GENBANK/AF054236
  • GENBANK/AF054237
  • GENBANK/AF054238
  • GENBANK/AF054239
  • GENBANK/AF054240
  • GENBANK/AF054241
  • GENBANK/AF054242
  • GENBANK/AF054243
  • GENBANK/AF054244
  • GENBANK/AF054245
  • GENBANK/AF054246