Salmonella typhimurium DT104: a virulent and drug-resistant pathogen

Can Vet J. 1998 Sep;39(9):559-65.


Salmonella typhimurium phage type (PT) or definitive type (DT) 104 is a virulent pathogen for humans and animals, particularly cattle. It has been isolated increasingly from humans and animals in the United Kingdom and several other European countries and, more recently, in the United States and Canada. Humans may acquire the infection from foods of animal origin contaminated with the infective organism. Farm families are particularly at risk of acquiring the infection by contact with infected animals or by drinking unpasteurized milk. The symptoms in cattle are watery to bloody diarrhea, a drop in milk production, pyrexia, anorexia, dehydration and depression. Infection may result in septicemic salmonellosis and, upon necropsy, a fibrinonecrotic enterocolitis may be observed. The infection occurs more commonly in the calving season than at other times. Feedlot cattle and pigs may also be affected. Prolonged carriage and shedding of the pathogen may occur. Symptoms in humans consist of diarrhea, fever, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and, less frequently, blood in the stool. Salmonella typhimurium DT104 strains are commonly resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfonamides, and tetracycline.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Agricultural Workers' Diseases / epidemiology
  • Agricultural Workers' Diseases / etiology
  • Agricultural Workers' Diseases / prevention & control
  • Animals
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cattle Diseases / prevention & control
  • Cattle Diseases / transmission
  • Diarrhea / epidemiology
  • Diarrhea / microbiology
  • Diarrhea / prevention & control
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Salmonella Infections / epidemiology*
  • Salmonella Infections / prevention & control
  • Salmonella Infections / transmission
  • Salmonella Infections, Animal / epidemiology*
  • Salmonella Infections, Animal / prevention & control
  • Salmonella Infections, Animal / transmission
  • Salmonella typhimurium / drug effects
  • Salmonella typhimurium / pathogenicity*
  • Swine
  • Swine Diseases / epidemiology
  • Swine Diseases / prevention & control
  • Swine Diseases / transmission
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Virulence
  • Zoonoses*