Objective: To identify from the literature and clinical experience a rational approach to management of fibroadenomas of the breast.
Method: Recent literature on detection, diagnosis, and natural history of fibroadenomas was reviewed. Experience with over 4,000 women evaluated in the breast clinic at the Tel-Aviv Medical Center contributed to the management strategies suggested by review of the literature.
Results: Fibroadenomas of the breast are common, accounting for 50% of all breast biopsies performed. Physical examination, sonography, and fine needle aspiration are effective in distinguishing fibroadenomas from breast cancer. Transformation from fibroadenoma to cancer is rare; regression or resolution is frequent, supporting conservative approaches to follow-up and management.
Conclusion: Age-based algorithms that allow for conservative management and that limit excision to patients whose fibroadenomas fail to regress are presented.