Analysis of liver regeneration in mice lacking type 1 or type 2 tumor necrosis factor receptor: requirement for type 1 but not type 2 receptor

Hepatology. 1998 Oct;28(4):959-70. doi: 10.1002/hep.510280410.

Abstract

We used KO mice lacking either TNF receptor 1 (TNFR-1) or receptor 2 (TNFR-2) to determine whether signaling at the start of liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH) involves only one or both TNF receptors and to analyze in more detail the abnormalities caused by lack of TNFR-1 receptor, which is required for the initiation of liver regeneration. Lack of TNFR-2 had little effect on NF-kappaB and STAT3 binding, and no effect in interleukin-6 production after PH, but caused a delay in AP-1 and C/EBP binding and in the expression of c-jun and c-myc messenger RNA (mRNA). In contrast to mice lacking TNFR-1, which had deficient hepatocyte DNA synthesis and massive lipid accumulation in hepatocytes, TNFR-2 KO mice had normal liver structure and similar levels of hepatocyte DNA replication as those of wild type mice. We conclude that TNFR-1, but not TNFR-2, is necessary for liver regeneration, and that NF-kappaB and STAT3 binding are activated by signals transduced by TNFR-1. Inhibition of AP-1 and C/EBP binding and in the expression of c-jun and c-myc mRNA in the first 4 hours after PH, as well as the apparent lack of Fos in AP-1 complexes, had no effect on the timing or extent of DNA replication.

Publication types

  • Comment
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD / genetics
  • Antigens, CD / metabolism
  • Antigens, CD / physiology*
  • Binding Sites
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes, jun
  • Genes, myc
  • Hepatectomy
  • Interleukin-6 / biosynthesis
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / physiology*
  • Liver / ultrastructure
  • Liver Regeneration / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / genetics
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / genetics
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / metabolism
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / physiology*
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic

Substances

  • Antigens, CD
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Interleukin-6
  • NF-kappa B
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Stat3 protein, mouse
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factor AP-1