Rat hepatic stellate cells produce cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant in culture and in vivo

Am J Physiol. 1998 Oct;275(4):G847-53. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.1998.275.4.G847.


Hepatic stellate cells are widely recognized for their contribution to liver fibrosis. This study investigated whether these cells also promote hepatic inflammation by producing neutrophil chemoattractants. Specifically, stellate cells were examined as potential sources of cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC), a rat chemokine resembling human interleukin-8. Stellate cells from normal rat liver expressed little or no CINC. In culture, CINC mRNA was induced rapidly, coinciding with the phenomenon of culture activation. CINC mRNA rose 4.6-fold within 3 days and was accompanied by secretion of immunoreactive and biologically active CINC protein (4.1 ng . microgram DNA-1 . day-1). Studies in vivo demonstrated that CINC could be induced in stellate cells during liver injury. CINC mRNA rose significantly (4- to 6-fold) in two models of liver disease, both of which cause stellate cell activation. In summary, the data indicate that CINC is induced during stellate cell activation in culture and in vivo. They suggest that stellate cell-derived CINC can promote hepatic inflammation in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemokine CXCL1
  • Chemokines, CXC*
  • Chemotactic Factors / biosynthesis
  • Chemotactic Factors / genetics*
  • Collagen / genetics
  • Cytokines / pharmacology*
  • Growth Inhibitors / genetics
  • Growth Substances / biosynthesis
  • Growth Substances / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins*
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology
  • Kinetics
  • Kupffer Cells / cytology
  • Kupffer Cells / drug effects
  • Kupffer Cells / metabolism
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver Diseases / metabolism
  • Male
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology


  • CXCL1 protein, human
  • Chemokine CXCL1
  • Chemokines, CXC
  • Chemotactic Factors
  • Cxcl1 protein, rat
  • Cytokines
  • Growth Inhibitors
  • Growth Substances
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Interleukin-1
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Collagen