Meckel syndrome (MKS) is a rare autosomal recessive lethal condition of unknown origin, characterized by (i) an occipital meningo-encephalocele with (ii) enlarged kidneys, with multicystic dysplasia and fibrotic changes in the portal area of the liver and with ductal proliferation, and (iii) postaxial polydactyly. A gene responsible for MKS in Finland has been mapped to chromosome 17q21-q24. Studying a subset of Middle Eastern and northern African MKS families, we have recently excluded the chromosome 17 region and have suggested a genetic heterogeneity. In the present study, we report on the mapping of a second MKS locus (MKS2) to chromosome 11q13, by homozygosity mapping in seven families that do not show linkage to chromosome 17q21-q24 (maximum LOD score 4.41 at recombination fraction .01). Most interestingly, the affected fetuses of southern Tunisian ancestry shared a particular haplotype at loci D11S911 and D11S906, suggesting that a founder effect is involved. Our observation gives support to the clinical and genetic heterogeneity of MKS.