Executive summary of the clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults

Arch Intern Med. 1998 Sep 28;158(17):1855-67. doi: 10.1001/archinte.158.17.1855.


An estimated 97 million adults in the United States are overweight or obese, a condition that substantially raises their risk of morbidity from hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and respiratory problems, and endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon cancers. Higher body weights are also associated with increases in all-cause mortality. Obese individuals may also suffer from social stigmatization and discrimination. As a major contributor to preventive death in the United States today, overweight and obesity pose a major public health challenge.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Behavior Therapy
  • Body Mass Index
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Obesity / diagnosis*
  • Obesity / drug therapy
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Risk
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Weight Loss