Chromosome 5 aberrations and genetic predisposition to lung cancer

Int J Cancer. 1998 Oct 23;79(5):490-3. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0215(19981023)79:5<490::aid-ijc8>;2-w.


In this study, we aimed to confirm the finding that chromosome 5 aberrations are predisposing factors for lung cancer. The study population consisted of 118 previously untreated lung cancer patients and 101 healthy controls. Lymphocytes were treated with bleomycin for 5 hr and then allowed to recover in a drug-free medium for 48 hr. The mean number of cells with chromosome 5 abnormalities among 100 cells examined was significantly higher in patients (9.12) than in controls (4.69) (p < 0.001). The most frequent aberration was a 5q deletion and the breakpoints clustered at the 5q13-5q31 region. We then dichotomized the number of induced chromosome 5 abnormalities in peripheral blood lymphocytes by the 75th percentile in that of the controls. 103 (87.3%), of the 118 patients, but only 31 (30.7%) of the 101 controls, exhibited induced breaks above this point. After adjustment for age, sex, ethnicity and smoking status, we found that the sensitive group was at 14.4-fold increased risk for lung cancer. There was also a significant (p < 0.01) gradient of increased risk for lung cancer with an increasing number of chromosome 5 lesions. Therefore, chromosome 5 lesions, especially those at 5q, may be a molecular target of carcinogens in the development of lung cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5*
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Female
  • Gene Deletion
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking