This paper offers a critique of the National Cancer Institute of Canada's (NCIC) framework for cancer control. The critique has been prepared by researchers who used the framework to review the literature in 5 substantive areas. These reviews, published in the current and previous issues of CPC, were designed to begin to outline a research agenda for the Sociobehavioural Cancer Research Network. In this paper, the authors reflect on the strengths and limitations of the framework. Perceived strengths are that the framework (a) facilitates systematic thinking about research options and priorities, (b) helps foster clear communication, (c) links science and practice, (d) may assist grant review panels to place proposed studies in context and (e) emphasizes important values. Perceived concerns include the following: (a) potential users are not familiar with the framework, (b) lack of clarity of definitions and classification criteria, (c) the utility of the framework is not immediately self-evident to potential users, (d) the framework lacks emphasis on environmental and policy interventions and (e) it is not clear how the values espoused are to be integrated with other dimensions of the framework. The concerns were seen as remediable. In short, the framework was seen to be valuable in its current form; refinement may enhance its value.