The modulatory effects of 1DMe (d-Tyr-Leu-(NMe)Phe-Gln-Pro-Gln-Arg-Phe-NH2), an agonist of Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) receptors, on opioid antinociceptive activity have been compared in naive and tolerant mice in the tail-flick and the hot-plate tests. In naive mice, 1DMe alone had no effect on pain threshold but decreased dose-dependently (3-22 nmol) the analgesic activity of morphine in both tests. In tolerant mice, injections of 60-fold lower doses of 1DMe (0.05-0.5 nmol) reverse morphine-induced analgesia in the tail-flick test but this anti-opioid effect was no longer observed with the highest doses of 1DMe tested (3-22 nmol). In the hot-plate test, the anti-opioid action of 1DMe was not detected, whatever doses tested. Neither the NPFF-like immunoreactivity content of spinal cord and of olfactory bulbs, nor the density of NPFF receptors in olfactory bulbs, were altered. These results indicate that a chronic morphine treatment modifies the pharmacological properties of NPFF but the type of pain test is crucial in determining NPFF effects.
Copyright 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.