Requirement of Stat3 but not Stat1 activation for epidermal growth factor receptor- mediated cell growth In vitro

J Clin Invest. 1998 Oct 1;102(7):1385-92. doi: 10.1172/JCI3785.


Stimulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by ligand(s) leads to activation of signaling molecules including Stat1 and Stat3, two members of the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) protein family. Activation of Stat1 and Stat3 was constitutive in transformed squamous epithelial cells, which produce elevated levels of TGF-alpha, and was enhanced by the addition of exogenous TGF-alpha. Targeting of Stat3 using antisense oligonucleotides directed against the translation initiation site, resulted in significant growth inhibition. In addition, cells stably transfected with dominant negative mutant Stat3 constructs failed to proliferate in vitro. In contrast, targeting of Stat1 using either antisense or dominant-negative strategies had no effect on cell growth. Thus, TGF-alpha/EGFR-mediated autocrine growth of transformed epithelial cells is dependent on activation of Stat3 but not Stat1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • Cell Division / drug effects*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology
  • Epithelial Cells / drug effects
  • Epithelial Cells / physiology
  • ErbB Receptors / drug effects
  • ErbB Receptors / physiology*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Liver Neoplasms
  • Mouth Mucosa / cytology
  • Mouth Mucosa / drug effects
  • Mouth Mucosa / physiology*
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha / pharmacology
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha / physiology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT1 protein, human
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 protein, human
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha
  • ErbB Receptors