Two commonly expanded CAG/CTG repeat loci: involvement in affective disorders?

Mol Psychiatry. 1998 Sep;3(5):405-10. doi: 10.1038/


An association between bipolar affective disorder and CAG/CTG trinucleotide repeat expansions (TRE) has previously been detected using the repeat expansion detection (RED) method. Here we report that 89% of RED products (CAG/CTG repeats) > 120 nt (n = 202) detected in affective disorder patients as well as unaffected family members and controls correlate with expansions at two repeat loci, ERDA1 on chromosome 17q21.3 and CTG18.1 on 18q21.1. In a set of patients and controls in which we had previously found a significant difference in RED size distribution, the frequency of expansions at the CTG18.1 locus was 13% in bipolar patients (n = 60) and 5% in controls (n = 114) (P < 0.07) with a significantly different size distribution (P < 0.03). A second set of patients were ascertained from 14 affective disorder families showing anticipation. Twelve of the families had members with RED products > 120 nt. The RED product distribution was significantly different (P < 0.0007) between affected (n = 53) and unaffected (n = 123) offspring. Using PCR, a higher frequency (P < 0.04) of CTG18.1 expansions as well as a different (P < 0.02) repeat size distribution was seen between affected and unaffected offspring. In addition, a negative correlation between RED product size and the age-of-onset could be seen in affected offspring (rs = -0.3, P = 0.05, n = 43). This effect was due to an earlier onset in individuals with long CTG18.1 expansions. No difference in ERDA1 expansion frequency was seen either between bipolar patients (35%, n = 60) and matched controls (29%, n = 114), or between affected and unaffected offspring in the families. We conclude that expanded alleles at the CTG18.1 locus confers an odds ratio of 2.6-2.8 and may thus act as a vulnerability factor for affective disorder, while the ERDA1 locus seems unrelated to disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bipolar Disorder / genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18*
  • Humans
  • Mood Disorders / genetics*
  • Nuclear Family
  • Sweden
  • Trinucleotide Repeats*