[Diagnostic criteria of autism and Asperger's syndrome: similarities and differences]

Sante Ment Que. 1998 Spring;23(1):130-48.
[Article in French]


The American Psychiatric Association's last version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; APA, 1994) identifies within pervasive developmental disorders five subgroups: (a) autistic disorder; (b) Rett's disorder; (c) childhood disintegrative disorder; (d) Asperger's disorder's and (e) pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. However, the diagnosis of the different sub-groups is difficult to establish, particularly between autistic disorder and Asperger's disorder. This article exposes the diagnostic criteria of autism and Asperger's syndrome in order to illustrate the similarities and differences between the two disorders.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Autistic Disorder / classification
  • Autistic Disorder / diagnosis*
  • Child
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / classification
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / diagnosis*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Rett Syndrome / classification
  • Rett Syndrome / diagnosis*