Small-t and large-T antigens cooperate to drive cell proliferation

Dev Biol Stand. 1998;94:289-95.

Abstract

Optimal transformation efficiencies or tumour formation in certain target tissues require the SV40 small-t antigen in addition to the transforming protein, large-T. We have used two model systems in which small-t is required for transformation to roles of individual viral proteins in this process. These systems include anchorage-independent growth of rat fibroblasts and focus formation by primary human diploid fibroblasts. In both cases, large-T and small-t antigens work together to drive cell cycle induction. Thus, the need for both tumour antigens is apparent in the initial step of the transformation process, the stimulation of quiescent cells to enter the cell cycle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / pharmacology*
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cyclin A / genetics
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / drug effects
  • Rats

Substances

  • Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming
  • Cyclin A