Fast and slow reaction times and associated ERPs in patients with schizophrenia and controls

Int J Neurosci. 1998 Sep;95(3-4):155-65. doi: 10.3109/00207459809003337.


A number of studies have examined across-trial averaged late component. Event Related Potentials (EPR) and Reaction Times (RT) in response to multiple target stimuli. In this study, within-trial relatively fast and slow sub averages are additionally examined, in 20 patients with schizophrenia and 20 age and sex matched controls. A conventional auditory oddball paradigm. Across-trial ERP average analysis showed smaller N200 amplitude and delayed latency (but larger P200 amplitude) in patients with schizophrenia compared with controls. Within-trial ERP analysis revealed a number of additional findings. Controls showed distinctive differences in fast compared with slow ERP sub averages (smaller P200 amplitude, increased N200/P300 amplitudes and earlier latencies). The schizophrenic group on the other hand, showed relatively similar fast versus slow subaverages (no differences in P200 amplitude and N200 latency). In addition, between-group (within-trial) analyses highlighted significant differences in earlier stages of processing (compared with across-trial averages) in both fast and slow subaverages (increased N100 amplitude in controls). The complementary within-trial (compared with across-trial) data are interpreted with respect to a possible disturbance in inhibitory function in patients with schizophrenia.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked Potentials*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Reaction Time*
  • Schizophrenia / physiopathology*
  • Time Factors