Young inner-city children visiting the emergency room (ER) for asthma: risk factors and chronic care behaviors

J Asthma. 1998;35(7):547-52. doi: 10.3109/02770909809048957.


Inner-city children visiting emergency rooms (ER) for asthma often rely on the ER as their primary source of care. To evaluate chronic asthma control, structured interviews were conducted with the adult accompanying a sample of 46 children, 2-6 years old, presenting to an inner-city pediatric ER for asthma. Fifty-one percent had 10 or more prior ER visits and 46% had 2 or more previous hospitalizations. Seventy-two percent had functional severity scores in the moderate to severe range. Only 11% used daily inhaled anti-inflammatory medication. Not one patient had a written self-management plan. Most young children visiting an inner-city ER for asthma have poorly controlled and poorly managed chronic asthma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Albuterol / therapeutic use
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Bronchodilator Agents / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Child Welfare*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Utilization / statistics & numerical data
  • Emergency Medical Services* / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Behavior
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Urban Population*


  • Bronchodilator Agents
  • Albuterol