Functional analysis of yeast essential genes using a promoter-substitution cassette and the tetracycline-regulatable dual expression system

Yeast. 1998 Sep 15;14(12):1127-38. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0061(19980915)14:12<1127::AID-YEA300>3.0.CO;2-#.


A promoter-substitution cassette has been constructed that allows one-step substitution of chromosomal gene promoters for the tetracycline-regulatable tetO promoter in yeast cells, which uses kanMX4 as selective marker for geneticin resistance. Oligonucleotides for PCR amplification of the cassette are designed to allow homologous recombination through short flanking regions of homology with the upstream sequences of the chromosomal gene, upon transformation of target cells. By testing three essential genes of chromosome XV (YOL135c, YOL142w and YOL144w), the system causes tetracycline-dependent conditional growth of the cells, being modulatable by intermediate concentrations of the effector. Analysis of terminal phenotypes of the promoter-substituted cells in the presence of the antibiotic may facilitate functional analysis of essential orphan genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Division / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal / drug effects
  • Genes, Essential / genetics*
  • Genes, Fungal / genetics*
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Mutation
  • Open Reading Frames / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology
  • Tetracycline / pharmacology*
  • Tetracycline Resistance / genetics


  • Tetracycline