Strain Specific Recombinant Antibodies to Potato Virus Y Potyvirus

J Virol Methods. 1998 Oct;74(2):193-9. doi: 10.1016/s0166-0934(98)00097-4.

Abstract

Single chain Fv antibody fragments have been selected from a synthetic phage-antibody library following three and four rounds of affinity selection with purified potato virus Y, common strain (PVY(O)). The selected fragments were highly specific for PVY and detected seven out of nine isolates of PVY(O) whilst failing to detect three isolates of PVY(N) and 12 isolates of PVY(NTN). Nucleotide sequence of the scFv genes showed the variable heavy fragments belonged to the human VH4 family, whilst the variable light fragments belonged to the Vlambda1 family. The fragments were used in ELISA to detect virus at concentrations of 50 ng/ml in plant sap and in comparisons with commercially available PVY monoclonal antibodies were shown to have similar limits of detection. This is the first report of the selection of a scFv specific for a member of the potyviridae, and its use in detecting and differentiating strains of PVY in infected plant sap. The results highlight the potential of the technology for the selection of strain specific antibodies with an avidity equivalent to traditional monoclonal antibodies raised against viral pathogens and their use for viral diagnosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Viral / genetics
  • Antibodies, Viral / immunology*
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Bacteriophages / genetics
  • Blotting, Western
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Genes, Immunoglobulin
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region / immunology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptide Library
  • Plant Diseases / virology*
  • Potyvirus / immunology*
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / immunology
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Solanum tuberosum / virology*
  • Species Specificity

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region
  • Peptide Library
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • immunoglobulin Fv