Factors associated with suicide attempts among patients with schizophrenia

Psychiatr Serv. 1998 Oct;49(10):1353-5. doi: 10.1176/ps.49.10.1353.


This study explored the association between psychosocial variables and symptoms among patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders who have attempted suicide and those who have not attempted suicide. Of 336 patients with a DSM-III-R diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who were consecutively evaluated at a university-affiliated clinical research center, 98, or 29.2 percent, reported one or more suicide attempts. Compared with patients who had not attempted suicide, patients who had made an attempt had a greater number of lifetime depressive episodes, an earlier age of onset of their illness, and an earlier age at first hospitalization.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Depression / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Schizophrenic Psychology*
  • Suicide / prevention & control*
  • Suicide / psychology
  • Suicide, Attempted / statistics & numerical data