Duane syndrome (MIM126800) is an autosomal dominant disease responsible for 1% of all strabismus cases and has been related to a 8q12-13 contiguous gene syndrome. We report on an insertion of chromosome region 8q13-q21.2 on to band 6q25 in a patient presenting with Duane syndrome, mental retardation, and other dysmorphisms. FISH analysis using chromosome 8 radiation hybrid LIA2L indicated a concurrent deletion within the 8q rearranged region. These results were corroborated by STR-PCR analysis and FISH using YAC contig WC8.8 disclosed a deletion in 8q13. Comparison of the two known patients with Duane syndrome associated with deletion of 8q identifies a small region of overlap (SRO) of < 3 cM extending from D8S533 and D8S1767 in which a Duane syndrome locus is assigned. In addition YAC analysis in our patient showed that 8q rearrangement was rather complex since 8q deletion and insertion occurred in two distinct segments separated by a region which maintained its location on 8q.