Few trials have compared the Purified Duck Embryo Vaccine (PDEV) and the Human Diploid Cell Vaccine (HDCV) in a post-exposure immunization schedule of 4 shots (2 on day 0 and 1 each on day 7 and 21, or 2-1-1 schedule). A retrospective analysis compared 10 patients with PEDV and 20 with HDCV, who had received the 2-1-1 schedule as well as 20 UI mg/kg of immune globulins on day 0. The median neutralizing antibody titers on day 21 (after 3 doses) and the median of maximum titers until day 90 were higher for HDCV than for PEDV (0.6 IU/ml versus 3.5 IU/ml [p < 0.04] and 2.5 IU/ml versus 5.8 IU/ml [p < 0.03] respectively). Seven patients had not reached the seroconversion titer of 0.5 IU/ml after 3 doses (day 21). These results differ from previous studies showing a 100% seroconversion rate on day 21, and suggest that more studies are required before these 2 vaccines can be used in the 2-1-1 schedule after severe exposure.