Primary cutaneous synovial sarcoma: a case report

Am J Dermatopathol. 1998 Oct;20(5):509-12. doi: 10.1097/00000372-199810000-00017.


We present a case of synovial sarcoma involving the cutaneous tissue of the knee in an 18-year-old woman. The 2.5 cm tumor was locally excised and recurred six times over the following 24 years. The neoplasm involved the deep dermis with extension into the papillary dermis and superficial subcutis. The tumor was predominantly composed of spindle cells arranged in compact interdigitating fascicles and scattered epithelial nests were seen. Focal myxoid and hemangiopericytoma-like areas as well as numerous mast cells were identified. Spindle cells stained for vimentin, CAM 5.2, and epithelial membrane antigen, whereas epithelial nests only stained for CAM 5.2 and epithelial membrane antigen. Neither component was reactive for antibodies directed against desmin, muscle specific actin, smooth muscle actin, S-100 protein, CD-31, or CD-34. This newly reported location for this morphologically heterogeneous tumor creates potential diagnostic confusion with other primary neoplasms in these areas.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Sarcoma, Synovial / pathology*
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology*