Tam3 in Antirrhinum majus is exceptional transposon in resistant to alteration by abortive gap repair: identification of nested transposons

Mol Gen Genet. 1998 Sep;259(5):468-74. doi: 10.1007/s004380050837.


Most transposon families consist of heterogeneous copies with varying sizes. In contrast, the Tam3 copies in Antirrhinum majus are known to have exceptionally conserved structures of uniform size. Gap repair has been reported to be involved in the structural alteration of copies from several transposon families. In this study, we have asked whether or not gap repair has affected Tam3 copies. Five Tam3 copies carrying aberrant sequences were selected from 40 independent Tam3 clones and their sequences were analyzed. Two of the five copies contain insertions in the Tam3 sequence. These two insertions, designated Tam356 and Tam661, are typical transposon-like sequences, which have terminal inverted repeats and cause target site duplication. These nested transposons were obviously associated with transpositional events, and did not originate from the gap-repair process. The remaining three copies had lost large parts of the Tam3 sequence. We could not find any relationship between the deletions of Tam3 sequence in the three copies and gap repair. PCR analysis of a Tam3 excision site in the nivea(recurrence:Tam3) mutant also showed that most of the repair events after the Tam3 excision involved end-joining. In addition to the results obtained here, among the other clones isolated, we could not find any of the internally deleted copies that comprise a major part of other transposon families. All of these data suggest that some feature of the Tam3 structure suppresses the structural alterations that are otherwise generated during the gap repair process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Blotting, Southern
  • DNA Repair / genetics*
  • DNA Transposable Elements / genetics*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome, Plant
  • Genomic Library
  • Models, Genetic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Plants / genetics*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Terminal Repeat Sequences / genetics


  • DNA Transposable Elements

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB012935
  • GENBANK/AB012936
  • GENBANK/AB012937
  • GENBANK/AB012938
  • GENBANK/AB012939
  • GENBANK/AB012940
  • GENBANK/AB012941