The expression of prostaglandin (PG) E receptor subtypes were characterized in J774.1, a mouse macrophage-like cell line. EP2- and EP4-mRNAs were found to be expressed. The expression of EP2 mRNA increased by the addition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a dose-dependent manner. EP2 mRNA rapidly increased by more than 5-fold of the control level at 1 h, and decreased after 4 h. EP4 mRNA increased by only 2-fold of the control at 2 h. Gamma interferon inhibited both basal and LPS-induced expression of EP2 mRNA but did not affect the expression level of EP4 mRNA. When tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) accumulation was measured after the treatment ofthe cells with LPS for 90 min, PGE2 was found to inhibit this accumulation, but butaprost, an EP2-selective agonist, did not. When TNF-alpha release was measured after the treatment of the cells with LPS for 8 h, accumulation was inhibited by butaprost as well as PGE2. These results indicated that the inhibitory effects of PGE2 on TNF-alpha production are mediated by EP2 and EP4 in macrophages, and that expression regulation of EP2 and EP4 in macrophages is quite different.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.