Repeated exposure to delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol reduces prefrontal cortical dopamine metabolism in the rat

Neurosci Lett. 1998 May 1;246(3):169-72. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(98)00254-7.

Abstract

Long-term abuse of marijuana by humans can induce profound behavioral deficits characterized by cognitive and memory impairments. In particular, deficits on tasks dependent on frontal lobe function have been reported in cannabis abusers. In the current study, we examined whether long-term exposure to delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the active ingredient in marijuana, altered the neurochemistry of the frontal cortex in rats. Two weeks administration of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol reduced dopamine transmission in the medial prefrontal cortex, while dopamine metabolism in striatal regions was unaffected. These data are consistent with earlier findings of dopaminergic regulation of frontal cortical cognition. Thus, cognitive deficits in heavy abusers of cannabis may be subserved by drug-induced alterations in frontal cortical dopamine transmission.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid / analysis
  • Animals
  • Corpus Striatum / chemistry
  • Corpus Striatum / drug effects
  • Dopamine / analysis
  • Dopamine / metabolism*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Dronabinol / administration & dosage
  • Dronabinol / pharmacology*
  • Injections, Intraperitoneal
  • Male
  • Nucleus Accumbens / chemistry
  • Nucleus Accumbens / drug effects
  • Prefrontal Cortex / chemistry
  • Prefrontal Cortex / drug effects*
  • Prefrontal Cortex / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Time

Substances

  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid
  • Dronabinol
  • Dopamine