Analysis of the C-terminal cytosolic domain of human and mouse polycystin-1 has identified a number of conserved protein motifs, including a 20-amino-acid heterotrimeric G-protein activation sequence. A peptide specific for this sequence was synthesized and shown to activate purified bovine brain heterotrimeric Gi/Go in vitro. To test whether the C-terminal cytosolic domain of polycystin-1 stably binds G-proteins, GST-fusion constructs were used in pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays with purified bovine brain Gi/Go and rat brain lysates. This identified a 74-amino-acid minimal binding domain that includes the G-protein activation sequence. This region of polycystin-1, including the G-protein activation peptide and flanking amino acid sequences, is highly conserved in mouse, human, and puffer fish, lending further support to the functional importance of the minimal binding domain. These results suggest that polycystin-1 may function as a heterotrimeric G-protein coupled receptor.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.