Signalling into the T-cell nucleus: NFAT regulation

Cell Signal. 1998 Oct;10(9):599-611. doi: 10.1016/s0898-6568(98)00019-9.


The nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) plays an important role in T-cell biology. Activation of T cells results in the rapid calcineurin-dependent translocation of NFAT transcription factors from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. This translocation process coupled to the subsequent active maintenance of NFAT in the nucleus compartment is critical for the induction of expression of several genes encoding cytokines and membrane proteins that modulate immune responses. The molecular cloning of the NFAT family of transcription factors has facilitated rapid progress in the understanding of the signalling mechanisms that control the activity of NFAT.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Biological Transport, Active
  • Calcineurin / metabolism
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Conserved Sequence
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • NFATC Transcription Factors
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction / immunology
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / chemistry
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • NFATC Transcription Factors
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Calcineurin