Violent crime and alcohol availability: relationships in an urban community

J Public Health Policy. 1998;19(3):303-18.


The relationship between violent crime, neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics, and alcohol outlet densities in Newark, New Jersey is reported, thus extending previous research of municipalities at more refined levels of analysis. Alcohol outlet densities were significant predictors in regression models, but rates of violent crime were better predicted in larger units (R2 = .673 for the census tract level vs. .543 at the census block group level). Alcohol outlet densities, however, were more predictive of violent crime at smaller units of analysis (change in R2 with the addition of alcohol outlet densities was .194 at the census tract level vs. .278 at the census block group level). Findings suggest that alcohol outlets represent a form of "undesirable land use" in urban neighborhoods that are a manifestation of increasingly concentrated economic disadvantage in the United States.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Commerce*
  • Crime / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • New Jersey / epidemiology
  • Regression Analysis
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Urban Population
  • Violence / statistics & numerical data