Objective: Pantoprazole is a H+/K+-ATPase inhibitor with a minimized potential of interaction with the cytochrome P450 system. Imidazole derivatives such as cimetidine and omeprazole have been shown to markedly interact with carbamazepine, a major anticonvulsant with a narrow therapeutic range. Therefore, the influence of steady-state pantoprazole on the pharmacokinetics of carbamazepine was investigated.
Subjects and methods: N = 20 healthy volunteers (12 male/8 female) completed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized crossover study. During the test period they received 40 mg pantoprazole p.o. once daily for 11 days and concomitantly a single oral dose of 400 mg carbamazepine on day 5. In the reference period placebo was administered instead of pantoprazole.
Results: Serum concentrations of carbamazepine and its active metabolite carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide were measured until day 11. Geometric means of AUC (extent characteristic) and Cmax/AUC (rate characteristic) of carbamazepine were 292 and 287 mgxh/l, and 0.0150 and 0.0144 l/h (reference and test), respectively. Point estimates and 90% confidence intervals of the ratios were 0.98 (0.95, 1.01) for AUC, and 0.96 (0.92, 1.00) for Cmax/AUC, respectively. Since the 90% confidence intervals of the primary characteristics, AUC and Cmax/AUC were entirely within the predefined equivalence range of 0.80 - 1.25, lack of interaction of pantoprazole with the pharmacokinetics of carbamazepine was demonstrated. Equivalence was also demonstrated for carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide using the characteristics AUC and Cmax.
Conclusion: No dose adjustment of carbamazepine is therefore required during concomitant treatment with pantoprazole.