Organizational and individual factors influencing job satisfaction and burnout of mental health workers

Soc Work Health Care. 1998;28(2):51-62. doi: 10.1300/J010v28n02_04.


Job satisfaction and burnout are important areas of study because of the financial and social effects of job satisfaction and the damaging physical/psychological impacts of burnout. Two hundred family/children and psychiatric workers of seven social service organizations were surveyed. Instruments used were the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals. Reported levels of job satisfaction and burnout are within normal limits. Psychiatric and family/children workers report equal job satisfaction levels, but the latter group reports significantly higher burnout levels. Both groups are particularly satisfied with the amount of praise delivered by supervisors and are reportedly dissatisfied with salary levels and promotional opportunities. These three factors are strongly associated with job satisfaction and burnout levels of both groups. Findings have practical implications for social service administrators and practitioners. Correlates of satisfaction and burnout can be altered in order to maintain employee satisfaction and reduce burnout, absenteeism and turnover.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology*
  • Career Mobility
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • New York City
  • Regression Analysis
  • Salaries and Fringe Benefits
  • Social Work, Psychiatric / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires