Pancreatic polypeptide (PP) is involved in gastrointestinal functions and forms, together with neuropeptide Y (NPY) and peptide YY (PYY), the PP-fold family of peptides. The PP-binding receptor subtype Y4 has so far been cloned in human, rat, and mouse, and displays extensive species differences regarding sequence, pharmacology, and distribution. To explore this variability further, we have cloned the Y4 receptor in the guinea pig, which is evolutionarily equally distantly related to both humans and rodents. The guinea pig Y4 receptor is 84% identical to the human Y4 receptor, but only 74-75% identical to the rat and mouse receptors. The two latter are 75-76% identical to human Y4. The guinea pig Y4 receptor bound 125I-hPP with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 29+/-3 pM. The pharmacological profile of guinea pig Y4 has the following rank order of potencies: PP > NPY approximately = PYY approximately = LP-NPY approximately = LP-PYY > NPY2-36 >> [D-Trp32]NPY. Thus, the guinea pig receptor is more similar to the human Y4 than to the rat Y4 both in sequence and pharmacology. This agrees with the greater identity between guinea pig and human PP compared to rat PP. These comparisons suggest that the rodent PPs and Y4 receptors have an accelerated replacement rate.