Objective and importance: Endovascular stents have been successfully used in the treatment of fusiform and dissecting aneurysms of the peripheral circulation and extracranial carotid and vertebral arteries. Technical limitations related to the inability to navigate the stent and the delivery system through tortuous vascular segments has limited their application with intracranial lesions. Availability of new flexible and pliable stent systems might overcome these difficulties.
Clinical presentation: A 49-year-old woman presented with a dissecting pseudoaneurysm of the horizontal portion of the petrous internal carotid artery that increased in size, as revealed by serial angiographic studies.
Intervention: The aneurysm was treated by deploying a new flexible stent across the aneurysm neck and by then packing the aneurysm sac with Guglielmi detachable coils that were delivered by a microcatheter positioned through the stent struts into the aneurysm lumen.
Conclusion: New flexible stents can be used to treat intracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms in difficult-to-access areas, such as the horizontal petrous segment. The stent may disrupt the aneurysm inflow tract, thereby inducing stasis and facilitating intra-aneurysmal thrombosis. In addition, the stent acts as an endoluminal scaffold to prevent coil herniation into the parent artery, which allows tight packing of even wide-necked and irregularly shaped aneurysms. The stent may also serve as a matrix for endothelial growth. We think this new generation of flexible stents and the use of this described technique will usher in the next era of endovascular management of intracranial aneurysms.