Xeroderma pigmentosum group C splice mutation associated with autism and hypoglycinemia

J Invest Dermatol. 1998 Nov;111(5):791-6. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1747.1998.00391.x.


A 4 y old boy of Korean ancestry had xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) with sun sensitivity, multiple cutaneous neoplasms, and inability to speak. Neurologic examination revealed hyperactivity and autistic features without typical XP neurologic abnormalities. Cultured skin fibroblasts (XP22BE) showed decreased post-UV survival, reduced post-UV plasmid host cell reactivation and defective DNA repair (16% of normal unscheduled DNA synthesis in intact cells and undetectable excision repair in a cell free extract). In vitro and in vivo complementation assigned XP22BE to XP group C (XPC) and a markedly reduced level of XPC mRNA was found. Two XPC cDNA bands were identified. One band had a deletion of 161 bases comprising the entire exon 9, which resulted in premature termination of the mutant XPC mRNA. The larger band also had the same deletion of exon 9 but, in addition, had an insertion of 155 bases in its place (exon 9a), resulting in an in-frame XPC mRNA. Genomic DNA analysis revealed a T-->G mutation at the splice donor site of XPC exon 9, which markedly reduced its information content. The 155 base pair XPC exon 9a insertion was located in intron 9 and was flanked by strong splice donor and acceptor sequences. Analysis of the patient's blood showed persistently low levels of glycine (68 microM; NL, 125-318 microM). Normal glycine levels were maintained with oral glycine supplements and his hyperactivity diminished. These data provide evidence of an association of an XPC splice site mutation with autistic neurologic features and hypoglycinemia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing
  • Autistic Disorder / complications*
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA Repair
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Fibroblasts / radiation effects
  • Genetic Markers / genetics
  • Glycine / blood*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats / genetics
  • Mutation
  • Survival Rate
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum / complications
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum / genetics*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Genetic Markers
  • XPC protein, human
  • DNA
  • Glycine

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF076952