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, 336 ( Pt 1) (Pt 1), 183-9

cAMP-response-element-binding-protein-binding Protein (CBP) and p300 Are Transcriptional Co-Activators of Early Growth Response factor-1 (Egr-1)

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cAMP-response-element-binding-protein-binding Protein (CBP) and p300 Are Transcriptional Co-Activators of Early Growth Response factor-1 (Egr-1)

E S Silverman et al. Biochem J.

Abstract

Egr-1 (early-growth response factor-1) is a sequence-specific transcription factor that plays a regulatory role in the expression of many genes important for cell growth, development and the pathogenesis of disease. The transcriptional co-activators CBP (cAMP-response-element-binding-protein-binding protein) and p300 interact with sequence-specific transcription factors as well as components of the basal transcription machinery to facilitate RNA polymerase II recruitment and transcriptional initiation. Here we demonstrate a unique way in which Egr-1 physically and functionally interacts with CBP/p300 to modulate gene transcription. CBP/p300 potentiated Egr-1 mediated expression of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) promoter-reporter constructs, and the degree of trans-activation was proportional to the number of Egr-1 consensus binding sites present in wild-type and naturally occurring mutants of the 5-LO promoter. The N- and C-terminal domains of CBP interact with the transcriptional activation domain of Egr-1, as demonstrated by a mammalian two-hybrid assay. Direct protein-protein interactions between CBP/p300 and Egr-1 were demonstrated by glutathione S-transferase fusion-protein binding and co-immunoprecipitation/Western-blot studies. These data suggest that CBP and p300 act as transcriptional co-activators for Egr-1-mediated gene expression and that variations between individuals in such co-activation could serve as a genetic basis for variability in gene expression.

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