A Swedish family with a mutation in the peripherin/RDS gene (Arg-172-Trp) associated with a progressive retinal degeneration

Ophthalmic Genet. 1998 Sep;19(3):149-56. doi: 10.1076/opge.


Purpose: To clinically characterize a Swedish family with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa due to a mutation, Arg-172-Trp, in the peripherin/RDS gene.

Methods: Full clinical evaluation including kinetic visual field testing, measurement of dark-adaptation threshold, and full-field electroretinography in seven patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa and three healthy family members. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) was used for mutation screening in seven patients and six healthy members of the family.

Results: Three of four siblings from the middle generation and four of the younger generation were heterozygous for the peripherin /RDS Arg-172-Trp mutation. The mutation segregated with the disease. Visual acuity decreased progressively with age and visual fields were moderately constricted in young patients, while central scotoma and constriction of the fields were detected in the family members above 50 years of age. The results from full-field electrography were comparable with a widespread retinal degeneration.

Conclusions: Earlier, the peripherin/RDS Arg-172-Trp mutation was associated primarily with a macular degeneration phenotype. One previous study indicated that this mutation also can give rise to a degeneration of the more peripheral parts of the retina. In the present study, a widespread retinal degeneration is seen in the patients above 50 years of age, carrying the Arg-172-Trp mutation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Disease Progression
  • Electroretinography
  • Female
  • Fundus Oculi
  • Humans
  • Intermediate Filament Proteins / genetics*
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • Peripherins
  • Retinal Degeneration / genetics*
  • Retinal Degeneration / pathology
  • Retinal Degeneration / physiopathology
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / genetics
  • Sweden
  • Visual Field Tests


  • Intermediate Filament Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • PRPH protein, human
  • PRPH2 protein, human
  • Peripherins