Inactivation of viruses by beta-propiolactone in human cryo poor plasma and IgG concentrates

Biologicals. 1998 Jun;26(2):135-44. doi: 10.1006/biol.1998.0125.


Virus inactivation by cold treatment with beta-propiolactone (BPL) was investigated in human cryo poor plasma and purified IgG concentrates spiked with relevant human viruses or appropriate animal model viruses. The samples were treated with 0.1 or 0.25% BPL for 300 or 480 min, respectively. Residual infectivity was determined by standard microtitration assays on tissue culture cells. The inactivation of all viruses tested was more effective in IgG than in plasma. IgG: R1=4-5.5 log10 for vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). Semliki Forest virus (SFV), bovine virus diarrhoea virus (BVDV), murine encephalomyelitis virus (MEV), feline calicivirus (FVC), suid parvovirus (PPV), simian virus 40 (SV40); R1=2-4 log10 for suid herpesvirus type 1 (SHV-1), bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1), human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVagm3). Plasma: R1=3-5 log10 for VSV, SFV, BVDV, SHV-1, MEV:R1=0-3 log10 for HIV-1, SIVagm3 BHV-1, FCV, PPV, SV40. After addition of SIVagm3, HIV-2, and PPV to plasma or IgG, spontaneous inactivation without further addition of BPL was observed. These results demonstrate that treatment with BPL has a limited capacity to inactivate viruses. Different inactivation kinetics were observed in plasma and IgG concentrates. Therefore, virus inactivation by BPL must be tested for individual blood products independently and should not be extrapolated from other model systems.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cats
  • Cattle
  • Cell Line
  • Disinfectants / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / adverse effects
  • Immunoglobulin G / isolation & purification
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Biological
  • Plasma / virology
  • Propiolactone / pharmacology*
  • Safety
  • Virus Diseases / prevention & control
  • Virus Diseases / transmission
  • Viruses / drug effects*
  • Viruses / isolation & purification
  • Viruses / pathogenicity


  • Disinfectants
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Propiolactone