Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 282 (5392), 1298-302

A Long-Snouted Predatory Dinosaur From Africa and the Evolution of Spinosaurids

Affiliations

A Long-Snouted Predatory Dinosaur From Africa and the Evolution of Spinosaurids

PC Sereno et al. Science.

Abstract

Fossils discovered in Lower Cretaceous (Aptian) rocks in the Tenere Desert of central Niger provide new information about spinosaurids, a peculiar group of piscivorous theropod dinosaurs. The remains, which represent a new genus and species, reveal the extreme elongation and transverse compression of the spinosaurid snout. The postcranial bones include blade-shaped vertebral spines that form a low sail over the hips. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that the enlarged thumb claw and robust forelimb evolved during the Jurassic, before the elongated snout and other fish-eating adaptations in the skull. The close phylogenetic relationship between the new African spinosaurid and Baryonyx from Europe provides evidence of dispersal across the Tethys seaway during the Early Cretaceous.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 28 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback