The human multidrug resistance protein (MRP) gene encodes a membrane protein involved in the ATP-dependent transport of hydrophobic compounds. We previously isolated a canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter, cMOAT1/MRP2, that belongs to the ATP binding cassette (ABC) superfamily, which is specifically expressed in liver, and cMOAT1/MRP2 is responsible for the defects in hyperbilirubinemia II/Dubin-Johnson syndrome. In this study, we isolated a new cDNA of the ABC superfamily designated cMOAT2/MRP3 that is homologous to human MRP1 and cMOAT1/MRP2: cMOAT2/MRP3 is 56% identical to MRP1 and 45% identical to cMOAT1/MRP2, respectively. Fluorescence in situ hybridization demonstrated the chromosomal locus of this gene on chromosome 17q22. The human cMOAT2 cDNA hybridized to a 6.5-kb mRNA that was mainly expressed in liver and to a lesser extent in colon, small intestine, and prostate. The cMOAT2/MRP3 gene was not overexpressed in cisplatin-resistant cell lines with increased ATP-dependent transport of cisplatin over their parental counterparts derived from human head and neck cancer and human prostatic cancer cell lines. The human cMOAT2/MRP3, a novel member of the ABC superfamily, may function as a membrane transporter in liver, colon, and prostate.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.