Synthesis, processing and secretion of surfactant proteins B and C

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Nov 19;1408(2-3):173-9. doi: 10.1016/s0925-4439(98)00066-0.


Two small, hydrophobic peptides, surfactant protein (SP)-B and SP-C, play important roles in the generation and maintenance of a surface active film in the alveolus. Isolation and characterization of the cDNAs encoding SP-B and SP-C indicate that both peptides are synthesized as larger proproteins which are proteolytically processed to peptides with Mr approx. 8000 and 4000, respectively. The biosynthetic pathway leading to generation and secretion of the biophysically active mature SP-B and SP-C peptides is reviewed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Biological Transport
  • Bronchi / cytology
  • Bronchi / metabolism
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational*
  • Proteolipids / metabolism*
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / cytology
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / metabolism
  • Pulmonary Surfactants / metabolism*


  • Proteolipids
  • Pulmonary Surfactants