Presenting characteristics, treatment patterns, and clinical outcomes of non-black minorities in the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction 2

Am J Cardiol. 1998 Nov 1;82(9):1013-8. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(98)00590-6.

Abstract

Data from a national registry (cohort) of myocardial infarction, which has enrolled 275,046 patients from June 1994 to April 1996, were analyzed to compare the baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and clinical outcomes among Hispanics, Asian-Pacific islanders, and native Americans with those of white Americans presenting to the hospital with acute myocardial infarction. Non-black minorities were younger, had a higher proportion of men, used the emergency medical services less frequently, and presented later to the hospital after the onset of symptoms (135 vs 122 minutes, p <0.001) than whites. Also, non-black minorities were less likely to receive beta-blocker therapy at discharge (crude odds ratio 0.86, confidence interval 0.82 to 0.90) than whites, but they were generally as likely to receive intravenous thrombolytic therapy (with the exception of Asian-Pacific islanders) and undergo both coronary arteriography and revascularization procedures as their white counterparts. There were no significant differences in hospital mortality for non-black minorities compared with whites.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Asian Americans*
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans*
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American*
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Myocardial Infarction* / diagnosis
  • Myocardial Infarction* / epidemiology
  • Myocardial Infarction* / therapy
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'*
  • Registries
  • Risk Factors
  • Thrombolytic Therapy
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States