Identification of three major clones of multiply antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in Taiwanese hospitals by multilocus sequence typing

J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Dec;36(12):3514-9. doi: 10.1128/JCM.36.12.3514-3519.1998.


In this paper we demonstrate the advantages of a new molecular typing procedure, multilocus sequence typing, for the unambiguous characterization of penicillin-resistant pneumococci. The sequences of approximately 450-bp fragments of seven housekeeping genes were determined for 74 penicillin-resistant Taiwanese isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae (MIC of penicillin > 0.5 microgram/ml). The combination of alleles at the seven loci defined an allelic profile for each strain, and a dendrogram, based on the pairwise mismatches in allelic profiles, grouped 86% of the isolates into one of three penicillin-resistant clones for which the MICs of penicillin were 1 to 2 microgram/ml. Isolates within each clone had identical alleles at all seven loci or differed at only a single locus, and the fingerprints of their pbp1A, pbp2B, and pbp2X genes were uniform. Isolates of the Taiwan-19F clone and the Taiwan-23F clone were resistant to penicillin, tetracycline, and erythromycin but were susceptible to chloramphenicol. A second serotype 23F clone and serotype 19F variants of this clone were resistant to penicillin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, and, in some cases, erythromycin. Comparisons of the allelic profiles of the three major clones with those of reference isolates of the known penicillin-resistant clones showed that the Taiwan-19F and Taiwan-23F clones were previously undescribed, whereas the second serotype 23F clone was indistinguishable from the Spanish multidrug-resistant serotype 23F clone. Single isolates of the Spanish penicillin-resistant serotype 9V clone and the Spanish multidrug-resistant serotype 6B clone were also identified in the collection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Typing Techniques*
  • Base Sequence
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Penicillin Resistance
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / classification
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / drug effects*
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification
  • Taiwan

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ233886
  • GENBANK/AJ233896