Fifteen strains of Corynebacterium macginleyi were exclusively isolated from conjunctival swabs of patients with either conjunctivitis or corneal ulcers. Up to now, only three C. macginleyi strains had been described in the literature. The characteristics of the 15 patients from whom C. macginleyi was isolated are outlined, characteristics useful for the identification of C. macginleyi are described, and the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the species is provided. C. macginleyi is uniformly susceptible to penicillins, quinolones, and aminoglycosides. Although considered to be of rather low pathogenicity C. macginleyi seems to have the potential to cause superinfections in selected patients with ocular surface problems.