Long-term remission after brachytherapy with external irradiation for locally advanced lung cancer

Respiration. 1998;65(6):489-91. doi: 10.1159/000029321.


Three cases are reported who received brachytherapy with external irradiation for inoperable lung cancer and have shown long-term remission. The diseases were adenoid cystic carcinoma, recurrent adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The associated symptoms were severe cough and dyspnea in all 3 cases. They received 60 Gy of external irradiation. After an interval of 2 weeks, 6 Gy at a radius of 1 cm from the center of the source was delivered by iridium-192. They received 2-4 fractions at 1-week intervals. On termination of brachytherapy, complete response was observed in all cases. In 1 case, bronchial stenosis due to radiation-induced fibrosis was observed, but was successfully treated by bronchial stent. Cough and dyspnea disappeared, and all patients have been rendered asymptomatic for the last 2 years. Local disease was well controlled in 2 cases; however, minimal local recurrence was observed after a 2-year follow-up in 1 case.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy*
  • Aged
  • Brachytherapy / methods*
  • Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / radiotherapy*
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Radiotherapy Dosage
  • Remission Induction