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Review
. 1998 Nov 9;158(20):2215-24.
doi: 10.1001/archinte.158.20.2215.

Chiropractic: Origins, Controversies, and Contributions

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Review

Chiropractic: Origins, Controversies, and Contributions

T J Kaptchuk et al. Arch Intern Med. .

Abstract

Chiropractic is an important component of the US health care system and the largest alternative medical profession. In this overview of chiropractic, we examine its history, theory, and development; its scientific evidence; and its approach to the art of medicine. Chiropractic's position in society is contradictory, and we reveal a complex dynamic of conflict and diversity. Internally, chiropractic has a dramatic legacy of strife and factionalism. Externally, it has defended itself from vigorous opposition by conventional medicine. Despite such tensions, chiropractors have maintained a unified profession with an uninterrupted commitment to clinical care. While the core chiropractic belief that the correction of spinal abnormality is a critical health care intervention is open to debate, chiropractic's most important contribution may have to do with the patient-physician relationship.

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