Purpose: To compare the efficacy of transscleral cyclophotocoagulation using a neodymium: YAG (Nd:YAG) or semiconductor diode laser in controlling intraocular pressure in patients with refractory glaucoma.
Methods: In a prospective study, 95 eyes of 91 patients with refractory glaucoma randomly received Nd:YAG or diode cyclophotocoagulation. Patients were followed for a mean of 10.4 months (10.42 +/- 3.16, mean +/- SD). We compared available data preoperatively and at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months postoperatively. Data analyzed were corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and the type of glaucoma.
Results: There was a statistically significant decrease in intraocular pressure after both Nd:YAG and diode cyclophotocoagulation at each time period. However, there were no significant differences in postoperative intraocular pressure or visual acuity change between Nd:YAG and diode procedures.
Conclusions: Compared with the Nd:YAG laser for transscleral cyclophotocoagulation, the diode laser has technological advantages including portability, durability, and smaller size, while providing equivalent postoperative intraocular pressure and visual acuity change.