Colon atresia is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in the neonate and requires early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment. It is impossible in the neonate to differentiate colon atresia from other forms of obstruction at the time of initial presentation. The diagnosis is confirmed roentgenographically, including views of the abdomen and contrast barium enema series. Lesions proximal to the splenic flexure are treated with initial resection of the atretic segment and a primary anastomosis. Those lesions distal to the splentic flexure are managed initally with a diverting loop colostomy with subsequent staged resection and anastomosis.