Objective: To determine whether resolution of choroidal neovascularization (CNV), a recognized sight-threatening complication of endogenous posterior uveitis, and maintenance of vision could be achieved with immunosuppression.
Patients and methods: Fourteen patients (17 eyes) with CNV associated with endogenous posterior uveitis were enrolled in an open study. Ages ranged from 5 to 51 years. Three eyes had extrafoveal CNV, 6 juxtafoveal, and 8 subfoveal. Three patients were treated with a single course of oral corticosteroids, 2 had additional cyclosporine for up to 2 years, and 9 continued to receive a low-dose regimen of a combination of immunosuppressive drugs.
Results: After a median follow-up of 15 months (range, 7 months to 6 1/2 years), 9 of 17 eyes had an improvement in visual acuity; 6 remained within 1 Snellen line of initial visual acuity, and 2 had lost 2 Snellen lines. Angiographically, CNV resolved in 13 eyes, resolved then recurred in 3, and improved but persisted in 4.
Conclusion: These results support a role for immunosuppressive therapy in the treatment of CNV associated with endogenous posterior uveitis.