A chickpea cDNA encoding a cell wall copper amine oxidase (CuAO) was cloned and characterised. The 2010 bp open reading frame encodes a protein of 76.5 kDa which shares significant primary structure homology with other known CuAOs. Southern blot analysis indicates that in chickpea CuAO is encoded by a single gene or a small gene family. This cDNA was essential for studying the role of CuAO during seedling development and wound healing in chickpea seedlings. CuAO transcript level and activity were modulated during seedling development in parallel with cell maturation. Moreover, mechanical wounding induced a rapid increase of CuAO mRNA accumulation and enzyme activity which remained high during the wound-healing process. Aminoguanidine, a specific CuAO inhibitor, decreased the deposition of lignin-suberin barrier along the lesion. CuAO may be a limiting factor in H2O2 production in the cell wall of chickpea seedlings and its expression seems to integrate with the remodelling of plant cell wall occurring during ontogenesis and wound healing.