On the dynamic covariation between interpersonal behavior and affect: prediction from neuroticism, extraversion, and agreeableness

J Pers Soc Psychol. 1998 Oct;75(4):1032-46. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.75.4.1032.


It was posited that the traits of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Agreeableness are predictors of dynamic intraindividual processes involving interpersonal behavior and affect. Hypotheses derived from the behavioral concordance model that individuals with high scores on a trait would experience more positively valenced affect when engaging in behavior concordant with that trait than individuals with low scores on the trait were tested. Participants completed a questionnaire measure of the traits and reported on behavior and affect during interpersonal interactions using event-contingent sampling forms approximately 6 times a day for 20 days. Trait scores were related to indexes of the association between each dimension of interpersonal behavior and affect calculated for each individual. Previous findings concerning the trait of Agreeableness were replicated, and results strongly supported the behavioral concordance model for the trait of Neuroticism. Thus, at least some traits can provide information about intraindividual processes that vary over time.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affect*
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Extraversion, Psychological*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurotic Disorders / psychology*
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychometrics
  • Social Behavior
  • Social Dominance